The Records of Site Condition (RSC) is a process of filing the environmental site condition of a specific property in the Environmental Site Registry. The environmental condition of the site is based on a prior investigation process, which includes one or more environmental assessments (Phase 1 ESA and Phase 2 ESA) A Record of Site Condition (RSC) is filed with the Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change (MOECC) and summarizes the environmental condition of a property at a particular time, based on the completion of environmental site assessments (ESAs).
The RSC must be completed by a Qualified Person (a P.Eng. or P. Geo) (as defined in O. Reg. 153/04) and is typically required if the use of the property is being changed to a new and more sensitive use than the previous (e.g., from an auto repair garage, a gasoline service station or a drycleaner into residential use). These properties may also include vacant or abandoned properties that were used in the past for commercial or industrial activities, such as factories, gasoline service stations and waterfront properties, also known as brownfield properties. In these cases, filing the Record of Site Condition in the Environmental Site Registry is required before the new use of the property is permitted. The filing may also reduce the liability of the property owner.
A RSC starts with a Phase One ESA, which determines if additional work, ie. a Phase Two ESA, is required. The RSC may also include remedial work to address any contamination and/or a Risk Assessment. A Risk Assessment is the development of site specific standards for a property, and is typically completed when there is contamination on site and there are economical or physical restrictions for remediation.
A RSC can take approximately 2 to six months to complete, depending on the complexity of the ESAs. Once the environmental assessments are completed, the RSC is submitted to the MOECC. When the MOECC has provided their approval, the RSC is filed.
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